Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a critical condition leading to childhood blindness in India. Around 30% of the neonates in a neonatal intensive care units (NICU) can be affected with ROP and almost 10 % of them can go completely blind if they don't reach an eye specialist within 30 days of birth and undergo laser treatment within 2 to 3 days of the diagnosis.

With over 3.5 million infants, a reducing infant mortality rate and an expanding base of rural NICUs, the number of neonates requiring ROP screening has dramatically increased. Premature children often require other medical treatments aside of ROP screening. With the mounting costs in treatment, ROP screening is often neglected either due to the additional costs or because of lack of awareness. Mission Nayan provides free ROP screening and treatment for neonates. In addition, it also builds the capacity and skills of healthcare providers to address this condition.